When a severe hip damage occurs the hip replacement surgery is recommended. During the hip surgery, the damaged cartilage and bone are removed from the hip joint and they are replaced with new man-made parts. This surgery reduces the pain, relieves stiffness and makes the hip joint to work well. The patient is recommended to hip replacement surgery if and only if there is no improvement seen in medicines, physiotherapy, and exercise after the hip injury.
Partial Hip Replacement Procedure
Partial hip replacement is otherwise called hemiarthroplasty a surgical procedure where the femoral head (the ball) of the damaged hip joint is only replaced. The socket, the acetabulum is not replaced. This surgery is mainly done for the fractured or broken hips. This treatment is not a precise one for degenerative arthritis. The procedure takes 60- 90 minutes in the following order:
The incision is made near the front or back side of the hip, muscles and tendons. Then other tissues are removed to expose the femoral part and acetabulum. The hip is then positioned for exposure. The head and neck parts of the femoral head are removed. The femur channel is hollowed out for the femoral stem insertion. The femoral stem is pressed into the hollow centre of the femur with bone cement. The hip is then rejoined and the surrounding muscle and tissues are repaired back to the position.
Some pain will be experienced by the patient after the partial hip replacement surgery, which is treated with proper medication. The physiotherapy will help for the patient’s rehabilitation by teaching specific exercises to strengthen the leg and restore hip movement.
Dr. Santpure Shivkumar, has been doing practice for more than two decades and performed thousands of major surgeries. He is the renowned surgeon in performing Partial Hip Replacement Surgery in Maharashtra.
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